The world’s major cities account for 35% of all inhabited land. Cairo, Mexico City, and New Delhi are among them. 2 billion people live there, 90% of them in developing nations. These widespread and dense dryland towns confront a significant danger of social, environmental, and economic crises as they grow. Urban forestry and urban greening in drylands. Their limited natural resources are coming under increasing pressure as they get hotter and more polluted. They are among the most vulnerable regions in the world to external shocks from the catastrophic weather events that climate change will bring because of their weak infrastructure.
More than half of the global population lives in cities and 95% of urban growth between now and 2050 is expected to take place in the global South. Thus, preserving and planting trees has been shown beneficial effect on the lives and health of the people.
India’s Green Urban Oases Programme is an initiative that aims to create green spaces in urban areas for the benefit of people and the environment. With urbanization on the rise, it has become increasingly important to create green areas that provide relief from the concrete jungle and improve air quality.
The National Mission for Clean Ganga and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs jointly launched the Green Urban Oases Program. The goal of the programme is to create urban green spaces that also act as filtration sites for the Ganga river.
The program aims to create green oases in cities by developing parks, green belts, urban forests, and other green spaces. These sites will contribute to pollution reduction, air quality improvement, and wildlife habitat provision. They will also provide outdoor recreation areas for people to enjoy and get closer to nature.
The Green Urban Oases Programme has highlighted a number of crucial areas for its success, including riverfront development, the planting of urban forests, parks and gardens, and biodiversity preservation. By 2022, the programme wants to have 100 green spaces in Ganga riverside cities. The project offers a number of advantages. In the beginning, it will develop green areas where people may go for enjoyment, fostering both physical and mental wellness. Additionally, it will have a good impact on people’s health by lowering pollutants and improving air quality in metropolitan areas. Third, it will encourage biodiversity in urban areas and provide habitat for wildlife. By establishing filtration zones, it will also help to preserve the Ganga river.
The Green Urban Oases Programme has already achieved significant success in creating green spaces in urban areas. For example, the Shivaji Park in Kanpur, created under the initiative, has become a popular recreational area for people. The park has also helped reduce pollution levels in the area.
The Green Urban Oases Programme in India, which strives to develop green spaces in urban areas for the benefit of both people and the environment, is an important endeavour. The programme will provide recreation places, enhance air quality, and support biodiversity preservation by creating parks, green belts, urban forests, and other green spaces. The programme has the potential to significantly improve the standard of living in Indian cities with ongoing effort.