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  • Writer's pictureYe Prayas

Solar Energy in India

In India, solar energy is a renewable energy source that is gaining popularity. The nation benefits from a lot of sunshine, which makes it a great place to generate solar power. We’ll examine the condition of solar energy in India, its advantages and disadvantages, and the nation’s future ambitions for renewable energy in this blog post.

One of the major solar energy producers at the moment is India. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that India’s solar capacity will expand by 50% in 2020, totaling 38 GW. By 2022, the nation wants to have 100 GW of solar capacity installed, making it one of the largest solar energy producers in the world.

One of the primary drivers of India’s solar energy growth is the government’s efforts to promote renewable energy. In 2010, the National Solar Mission was launched with the goal of achieving 20 GW of solar capacity by 2022. The government has also introduced several policies and incentives to encourage solar power generation, including subsidies, tax benefits, and preferential tariffs for solar power producers. Solar energy has several benefits for India, both in terms of energy security and environmental sustainability. One of the primary advantages of solar energy is that it is a clean and renewable source of power. Unlike fossil fuels, which produce harmful emissions that contribute to climate change, solar energy produces no air or water pollution.

Solar energy can also assist India in achieving energy security and lowering its reliance on imported fossil fuels. Given that India is one of the world’s major energy consumers and mainly depends on coal for power generation, this is extremely crucial.

Moreover, solar energy has the ability to expand employment opportunities and strengthen regional economies. Solar panel installation and maintenance need trained labour, which could lead to the creation of new jobs and support for regional economies. Despite the many benefits of solar energy, there are also several challenges that need to be addressed. One of the primary challenges is the high cost of solar panel installation and maintenance. While the cost of solar energy has declined significantly in recent years, it is still more expensive than traditional sources of power.

In addition, the intermittency of solar energy can make it challenging to integrate into the grid. Solar power generation is dependent on sunlight, which means that it may not be available at all times. This can create instability in the power grid and make it difficult to ensure a reliable supply of electricity. India has created a number of projects and programmes to support renewable energy in order to overcome these issues. By 2022, the government wants to have 175 GW of renewable energy capacity, including 100 GW of solar energy. Also, the nation is spending money on R&D to increase the effectiveness and affordability of solar energy.

The use of solar energy could fundamentally alter India’s current energy system. It can assist the nation in achieving energy security and reducing its reliance on fossil fuels because it is a clean and renewable source of power. While there are several challenges that need to be addressed, the government’s commitment to promoting renewable energy suggests that India is on the right track. With continued investment and innovation, India could become a leader in solar energy and pave the way for a more sustainable future.

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